Although it is not so noticeable as other pregnancy symptoms, bleeding gums are still quite common conditions among pregnant women. This condition is normally not dangerous, but in some cases, it may be the signs of some serious health problems that may affect both you and your baby. So to help you understand more about it, here is our guide about the signs, causes, and treatment for bleeding gums during pregnancy.
Signs of Bleeding Gums
Bleeding gums are also known as gingivitis. It is normally characterized by a swollen, sore, and red area in your gums. If you notice a considerable amount of blood, pain, or swelling. while brushing your teeth or flossing, you may have gingivitis. This condition commonly shows up when you reach your second trimester.
Causes of Bleeding Gums
There are different factors that may lead to bleeding gums during pregnancy, mostly the changes inside your body during pregnancy. In this period, your baby will need a great amount of calcium to develop. As they demand more and more calcium, you may find your self in the state of calcium deficiency making the teeth become more porous, increasing the risk of tooth decay. Tooth decay will make your mouth more vulnerable to bacteria and plaque, both of which make for tender gums.
Another cause of bleeding gums is the changes in your hormones. Usually, in the first 8 weeks of pregnancy, the amount of progesterone and estrogen in your body will increases rapidly, resulting in increased blood flow to the gums. As this state lasts for quite a long time, it will lead to gingivitis. In some cases, hormonal changes also cause fewer saliva production or make your salvia more acidic than usual. Therefore, it may lead to tooth decay and cause bleeding gums.
Changes in your eating habits are one of the most common causes of bleeding gums. In the early stage of pregnancy, you may start experiencing some symptoms of pregnancy, including the craving for different kinds of food. In particular, you may produce less saliva and eating more sweets and carbs. This creating an oral environment that’s friendlier to plaque and tooth decay. Furthermore, if you are experiencing morning sickness and vomiting, the acid remains in your mouth after vomiting can cause gingivitis as well.
What Should You Do if You Have Gingivitis
Visit Your Dentist
Nothing can help you better than a dental check-up. Experts recommended that pregnant women visit their dentist at least once in their pregnancy period for advice, check-up, and cleaning. Make sure you tell your dentist/hygenist that you are pregnant so they can provide you the care you need while avoiding X-rays and postponing any work that will require anesthesia.
Maintain Good Oral Hygiene
Along with having your dental check-up, maintaining good oral hygiene will help you prevent and deal with bleeding gums during pregnancy. It is recommended that you brush your teeth twice a day for two minutes and floss on a regular basis. You can use either a manual or an electric toothbrush. Remember to be gentle while brushing your teeth. Overaggressive brushing and flossing will cause the tender gums even more sensitive and prone to bleeding. You should change the mint-flavored toothpaste with somethings less dense like fruit-flavored toothpaste as it may make you gag. If you are suffering morning sickness during pregnancy make sure you use mouthwash to rinse after you throw up. Doing this not only gets rid of the gross taste in your mouth, but it’ll also remove the acid and bacteria that may lead to gingivitis. Make sure that you consult your dentist before trying any toothpaste or mouthwash for reassurance.
A Healthy Diet
As mentioned, your body will need a huge amount of calcium in pregnancy periods, make sure that you have enough calcium supplements to keep your teeth and bones strong. Research shows that Vitamin C can c strengthen gums and help them stay healthy, so you should add some more food that rich in this nutrient to your diet. On top of that, you should too many sugary treats when possible, especially the chewy type of sweet as they may stick to your teeth and cause tooth decay. You should swap your chocolate, candy, or gums with nutrient- and fiber-rich whole fruit if possible.
There you go, now you have our guide for bleeding gums during pregnancy. Do you have any questions or tips that you want to share? Let us know in the comments!